To Make The Winged Larva


Tie on the hook and gut as before (say a hook about No. 8) and form a

brown body of mohair on it, wing the fly with a portion of hen pheasant

tail feather and woodcock wing; having the yellow brown body formed on

the hook, and the wings ready to tie on, take a piece of the shrivelled

larva you will find attached to the ends of the lengths of salmon gut,

choose those that are nice and taper, and at the fine end tie on two

> fibres of golden pheasant neck feather for tail, clip off the end of the

gut, lay on a little varnish at the end of the tail to keep it from

coming off; now tie on the larva close to the shoulder, cut off the end

of the gut, lay on a little varnish there, take some mohair of the same

colour as the body, and roll it over the throat to cover the tying,

leaving at the same time enough of the hook to receive the wings, you

then take a light brown grouse hackle, off the neck of the bird, and

roll it twice round the shoulder for the legs, or a woodcock feather, to

be found at the root of the wings, outside, the latter I think is

best. Now tie the wings on a little longer than the bend of the hook,

clip off the ends at the head, and form a head with a piece of peacock

harl, of a bronze colour as usual, fasten with the silk, and cut off all

the superfluities. It would be well to draw out a little of the mohair

at the shoulder to hang over the larva body, and to flatten the end of

the gut a little where you tie on the tail, which keeps it on. Tie the

larva at the side, so as it may appear like a double body to the fish in

the water. It may be made by tying on the wings first, and let them

remain until the body, the larva, and the hackle, are all tied in their

proper places, and then turn back the wings over the body with your

thumb nail, and tie them firmly down with the silk, taking two laps over

the roots, and finish with two knots on the end of the shank immediately

above the head.



Do not neglect to tie in the larva tightly below the wings at the

shoulder, to prevent it drawing out from the mohair body. You must hold

on tight and press it well down with the nail of the right thumb, as you

do the wings when tying them on last. It is best to look at the larvas

engraved in the plate occasionally, to give you an idea how it is done.

When the wings are turned up last, and a head formed of the root of them

with the tying silk, you next roll on a piece of brown peacock harl at

the root of the wings, a harl with long pile or fibres is best, as you

can press it up with your fingers to hang over the root of the wings.



The great nicety in making this fly to look well is, in tying on the two

fibres of the golden pheasant feathers at the tail with fine silk, and

the tying on of the larva itself at the shoulder of the fly, and then

covering the silk that appeared bare with a little mohair twisted round

the tying silk, and then rolled over it; it is over this bit of mohair

the hackle should be rolled, and secured with two knots.



The wing of the small larva in the plate is tied on last, and a most

curious and killing looking fly it is; the other one does best in deep

water, or for grilse or sea-trout in July and August, particularly in

the latter month.



The Salmon Fly, No. 11, in the centre of the plate, with the larvas, is

a capital specimen for the light streams north of the Tweed, and would

kill well in that splendid river at low water in summer, particularly

at the "Throughs," three miles above the town of Kelso.



The above fly I will describe hereafter, with the other engravings in

the plates.



To proceed regularly with the various methods of Fly Making, before

touching on another subject, will be much more convenient to the tyro as

he proceeds, so I will finish this branch of an "Angler's Education"

with a Catechism, which will be found instructive and very curious to

the beginner. It is accompanied with a copper-plate engraving of six

flies, showing the whole process to the eye, which cannot fail to give a

lasting idea to the fly maker who will properly study it.



In this last process, the reader should lay out every thing necessary

for making a single fly in a piece of folded paper, so that he can look

at the various articles as he rehearses them over in the book,--this

will keep them more strongly in his mind.



Have each article to suit the size of the hook exactly, that when the

fly is completed, it will appear in strict proportion: for instance, the

hackle should be chosen small to suit the legs of the trout fly, and the

large flies to have hackles off the saddle of the cock, that are old

and stiff, to withstand the motion of the water; and fine silk, both

floss and tying for the bodies of the small flies, and every thing in

unison, as you read in the book; handling every thing sparingly,

delicately, and nicely in the fingers. There is a good deal of the

"battle fought" by letting the nails grow to a pretty fair length so as

to hold on grimly.



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